1. Number of occupational accidents
The number of fatal occupational accidents was 927 cases (the area having labor relations: 572 cases; the area where workersdo nothave labor contracts: 355 cases); 979 people died of occupational accidents (area having labor relations: 610 people; area without labor contracts: 369 people); 1,892 people seriously injured; female worker victims: 2,771 people.
Compared to 2018, the number of fatal occupational accidents in areas having labor relations decreased by 06 cases, equal to 1.03%. In areaswhere workers do not have labor contracts, the number of occupational accidents decreased by 39, equal to 9.9%. The number of deaths due to occupational accidents in areashaving labor relations decreased by 12, corresponding to 1.93%; In areas without labor contracts, the number of deaths due to occupational accidents decreased by 48, equivalent to 11.5%.
The localities with the highest number of deaths due to occupational accidents in 2019, including the areas having labor relations and the area where workers do not have labor contracts are: Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi; Quang Ninh, Binh Duong, Thai Nguyen, Hai Duong, Quang Ngai and Quang Nam.
According to the preliminary report of localities, physical damage due to occupational accidents in 2019 is as follows: Expenses for medicine, burial, compensation for families of the dead and the injured ... is 9,934 billion VND; property damage was 533,896 billion VND; The total number of days-off due to occupational accidents is 138,089 days.
Through analysis of occupational accidents from investigation records in areas having labor relations, the service sector accounted for 19.2% of the total number of accidents and 22.03% of the total number of deaths; construction sector accounts for 17.12% of total accidents and 17.8% of total deaths; field of mining and mineral exploitation accounted for 10.81% of the total accident cases and 10.17% of the total number of deaths; mechanical engineering and metallurgy accounted for 9.01% of the total number of cases and 9.32% of the total number of deaths; production of construction materials accounted for 8.11% of the total number of cases and 7.63% of the total number of deaths.
Limited liability company accounted for 38.74% of fatal accidents and 41.53% of deaths; joint stock companies accounted for 30.63% of fatal accidents and 29.66% of deaths; state enterprises, administrative units accounted for 29.72% of fatal accidents and 19.49% of deaths; private enterprises, individual business households accounted for 4.5% of accidents and 4.24% of deaths.
2. The major deadly traumatic factors
- Traffic accidents accounted for 30.64% of the total accident cases and 28.81% of the total number of deaths;
- Falling from height accounted for 18.92% of the total accident cases and 17.8% of the total death cases;
- Clamping and rolling machines and equipment accounted for 15.32% of the total number of cases and 14.41% of the total number of deaths;
- Electric shock accounted for 9.01% of the total accident cases and 8.47% of the total death cases;
- Collapse of structures accounted for 7.21% of total cases and 9.32% of total deaths.
3. The main cause of a fatal labor accident
* Employers being the causes of occupational accidents accounted for 47.74% of the total number of accidents and 49.99% of the total number of deaths, detailed as follow:
- Employers do not develop safe working procedures and measures accounted for 24.32% of the total accident cases and 26.27% of the total death cases;
- Employers do not provide occupational safety training or adequate occupational safety and sanitation training for employees accounted for 14.41% of the total accident cases and 13.56% of the total number of deaths;
- Labor organization and working conditions accounted for 7.21% of the total accident cases and 8.47% of the total death cases;
- Equipment that does not meet labor safety accounted for 1.8% of the total accident cases and 1.69% of the total number of deaths;
* Employees violated the labor safety standard procedure accounted for 14.41% of the total number of cases and 14.41% of the total number of deaths.
The remaining 37.85% of the total occupational accidents and 35.6% of the total number of deaths occurred due to other causes such as traffic accidents, inevitable objective factors.
4. Measures should be taken to prevent and limit occupational accidents
Based on the actual situation and causes of occupational accidents in 2019, in order to proactively prevent and limit occupational accidents in the upcoming time, the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs will propose ministries, industries, localities, enterprises and organizations, employers and employees to carefully implement the following main contents:
4.1. The ministries and industries shall direct enterprises under their management to actively inspect the work of OSH; coordinate with the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs in inspecting and examining enterprises operating in areas prone to occupational accidents and serious incidents such as construction, production of construction materials, textiles and footwear, mining, especially for key constructions, adjacent to residential areas, crowded with people.
4.2. The Ministry of Health intensifies the guiding and urging of occupational accident statistics at hospitals under the Ministry of Health and the Department of Health,send them to MOLISA for compilation in accordance with regulations;
4.3. People's Committees of provinces and cities directly under the Central Government shall direct the local functional agencies in:
- Intensifying the inspection and examination of compliance with OSH regulations of enterprises in the area, paying attention to theestablishment of safe working processes and measures at enterprises; reporting on occupational accidents in accordance with the Law on OSH.
- Heighteningthe organization of propaganda and dissemination of knowledge and legislation on OSH in line with each field and industry, prioritizing the propagation and dissemination of legislation on safety and labor hygiene for workers who do not work under labor contracts;
- Intensifying the organization of investigation of occupational accidents for workers who do not work under labor contracts;
- Intensifying the implementation of prevention of labor accidents and occupational diseases.
4.4. Enterprises intensify the implementation of OSH, focus on self-inspection activities, proactively controll and prevent harmful and dangerous factors at their places, prevent labor accidents due to high falls, electric shocks, falling objects, collapsing; organize training on occupational safety and labor hygiene for employees.